Nepali Handmade Statue Of Black Jambala Partly Gold Plated
Weight: 4.14 kg Size: 30x15x8 cm Material: Copper Gold Plated
About the Product
Finishing: Partly Gold Plated
Detailed Description of Mercury Gilding - Source wikipedia Fire-gilding or Wash-gilding is a process by which an amalgam of gold is applied to metallic surfaces the mercury being subsequently volatilized leaving a film of gold or an amalgam containing 13 to 16% mercury. In the preparation of the amalgam the gold must first be reduced to thin plates or grains which are heated red-hot and thrown into previously heated mercury until it begins to smoke. When the mixture is stirred with an iron rod the gold is totally absorbed. The proportion of mercury to gold is generally six or eight to one. When the amalgam is cold it is squeezed through chamois leather to separate the superfluous mercury; the gold with about twice its weight of mercury remains behind forming a yellowish silvery mass with the consistency of butter.
When the metal to be gilded is wrought or chased it ought to be covered with mercury before the amalgam is applied that this may be more easily spread; but when the surface of the metal is plain the amalgam may be applied to it directly. When no such preparation is applied the surface to be gilded is simply bitten and cleaned with nitric acid. A deposit of mercury is obtained on a metallic surface using quicksilver water a solution of mercury(II) nitrate the nitric acid attacking the metal to which it is applied and thus leaving a film of free metallic mercury.
The amalgam is equally spread over the prepared surface of the metal the mercury is then sublimed by heat just sufficient for that purpose; for if it is too great part of the gold may be driven off or it may run together and leave some of the surface of the metal bare. When the mercury has evaporated which is known by the surface having entirely become of a dull yellow color the metal must undergo other operations by which the fine gold color is given to it. First the gilded surface is rubbed with a scratch brush of brass wire until its surface is smooth.
It is then covered with gilding wax and again exposed to fire until the wax is burnt off. Gilding wax is composed of beeswax mixed with some of the following substances: red ochre verdigris copper scales alum vitriol and borax. By this operation the color of the gilding is heightened and the effect seems to be produced by a perfect dissipation of some mercury remaining after the former operation. The gilt surface is then covered over with potassium nitrate alum or other salts ground together and mixed into a paste with water or weak ammonia. The piece of metal thus covered is exposed to heat and then quenched in water.
By this method its color is further improved and brought nearer to that of gold probably by removing any particles of copper that may have been on the gilt surface. This process when skillfully carried out produces gilding of great solidity and beauty but owing to the exposure of the workmen to mercurial fumes it is very unhealthy. There is also much loss of mercury to the atmosphere which brings extremely serious environmental concerns as well.
This method of gilding metallic objects was formerly widespread but fell into disuse as the dangers of mercury toxicity became known. Since fire-gilding requires that the mercury be volatilized to drive off the mercury and leave the gold behind on the surface it is extremely dangerous. Breathing the fumes generated by this process can quickly result in serious health problems such as neurological damage and endocrine disorders since inhalation is a very efficient route for mercuric compounds to enter the body. This process has generally been supplanted by the electroplating of gold over a nickel substrate which is more economical and less dangerous.
Fire Gold Plating In Nepal
Black Jambala: About The Black JambalaJambhala (also known as Dzambhala Dzambala Zambala or Jambala) is the God of Wealth and appropriately a member of the Jewel Family (see Ratnasambhava). He is sometimes equated with the Hindu deity Kubera. Jambhala is also believed to be an emanation of Avalokitesvara or Chenrezig the Bodhisattva of Compassion. There are five different wealth Jambhala; each has his own practice and mantra to help eliminate poverty and create financial stability.
Gyalten Sogdzin Rinpoche said that Jambhala is the protector of all Lineages and of all sentient beings from all sickness and difficulties. Jambhala is a Bodhisattva of material and spiritual wealth as well as many other things especially of granting financial stability.
Â”Because in this world there are all kinds of wrathful and negative emotions or bad spirits and sometimes they will harm you and other sentient beings Dzambhala must take on such a wrathful and powerful form to protect us from these harmful spirits and negative karma. Especially Dzambhala helps us minimize or decrease all misfortunes and obstacles and helps us increase all good fortune and happiness.Â”IconographyThe Black Jambhala is also known as the Hindu God of Wealth Kubera. Originated in ancient India he manifested from the waters of the river and gave the transmission of generating wealth to a king whose kingdom was undergoing extreme financial difficulties during that time. He also benefits the poor and those in solitary retreat that have a virtuous mind.
Popularized by Shakyasribhadra holding a skullcup and mongoose naked and wrathful in a standing posture. He is the God of Wealth in Tibetan buddhism. With august guise he treads on the back of yellow rich man. Jambhala Black (Tibetan: dzam bha la nag po) a wealth deity popularized in Tibet by Bari Lotsawa (b.1040) and the Kashmiri teacher Shakyashri Bhadra.
" ... the Lord Jambhala with a body black in colour having the appearance of a dwarf naked sexually aroused pot-bellied with pierced ears three bulging bloodshot eyes brown hair flowing upwards and bared fangs in a standing position the right leg bent and the left straight. He has one head and two arms. The right hand holds the top of a skull in front of his chest as a blood container and the left hand holds a mongoose expelling wish fulfilling jewels. On his head is a crown of five skulls in the shape of the five-Buddha crown; around his neck is a string of 50 pray beads made of human skulls with five-color snakes as bracelets on hands feet and neck. He shows anger on his face standing with his right leg bent his left leg extended the right leg is extended pressing upon the head of the yellow Lord of Wealth adorned with various gold ornaments lying face down beneath Black Jambhala's feet." (Ngorchen Konchog Lhundrup 1497-1557).
He is the manifestation of Amoghasiddhi Buddha by the request of Buddha Shakyamuni to turn the wheel of Dharma to benefit sentient beings who are suffering from poverty. He will enable all endeavors to be perfectly accomplished and purify all bad luck and obstacles prevent theft bad debts and loss of wealth. Jambhala has a black colored body. He is depicted in a standing position over a human body symbolizes to subdue humanÂ’s ego and eliminate humanÂ’s greed. His right hand holding Gems Pot and his left hand holding an animal named Nehulay (mongoose) which spue out jewels from its mouth. Black Jambhala also wears a snake necklace on his body.
The Mantra of Black Jambhala is:
Om Jambhala Jalendraye Bashu Dharini Svaha and ""Om Indzali Mu Kam Dzamali Soha""